Comparison between the toxicity of plant origin and synthetic pesticide against fresh water fish Cirrhinus mrigala

Bhunesh Pratap, Ajay Singh


This study was done to check the intensity and mode of action of plant origin and synthetic pesticide, which is generally, apply as piscicide for cleaning the fish culture pond. In this study plant, origin piscicide Apigenin extracted from leaves of Jatropha gossypifolia, and Rutin from leaves of Codiaeum variegatum plants of family Euphorbiaceae and synthetic pyrethroid pesticide (Cyperstar) purchased from market. The LC50 values of Apigenin (83.26, 68.56, 62.11 and 44.92 mg/L), Rutin (58.43, 52.32, 44.40 and 43.62 mg/L) and Cyperstar (0.009, 0.007, 0.006 and 0.005 mg/L) at exposure of 24h, 48h, 72h or 96h, respectively. It is also evident from this study; all these plant origin and synthetic pesticide significantly inhibit the activities of enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE), acid and alkaline phosphatase. The anti-enzymatic activity as well as the mortality caused by the Apigenin, Rutin and Cyperstar were time as well as dose dependent. In another experiment 7th day after withdrawal of treatment, activity of all the enzymes come back to nearly normal. The above study concluded that the Cyperstar is highly toxic to the fish in comparison to Apigenin and Rutin but all are metabolized in body of fish within seven days of withdrawal of treatment.


Apigenin; Codiaeum variegatum; Cyperstar; Jatropha gossypifolia; Rutin

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